Decay occurs when plaque bacteria ferment and break down dietary carbohydrates or sugars to release an acid. This acid effectively dissolves the tooth structure causing cavities.
How to prevent decay in children:
- Keep sugars in the diet to a minimum
- Brush twice daily
- Have fissure sealants applied on adult molar teeth
- Use a fluoride toothpaste in children over 2 years
- Have regular dental check-ups and always discuss any concerns with your dentist.